To have flat, well-conditioned abs you need to have strength in the core stabilising muscles. This beginner core exercises program uses 6 exercises which focus on these muscles. The workouts get a bit harder each week, so that your strength gradually increases. At the end of the program, you should have:
- Increased strength in your core stabilising muscles
- Improved posture
- Improved flexibility in your spine, meaning less likelihood of back pain and injury
- Increased awareness of your core stabilising muscles and how to engage them
The instructions for the exercises are here in the post and at the end you can download a tracker and schedule for the 5 week program.
Beginner core exercises 6 week program
Before you start this program, you should understand how to find neutral pelvis. The pelvis needs to be able to tilt forwards and backwards as we move, but bad postural habits can lead to it being in a forward or backward position at rest, instead of in the neutral position. In women, the forward position is common, especially after pregnancy. If you do core exercises with a tilted pelvis, they won’t work the muscles they’re supposed to work. This is how you find the neutral position:
For more about neutral pelvis, see this post.
Exercise #1 abdominal hollowing
Abdominal hollowing is just sucking the core muscles in. You can do it in any position – standing, sitting, lying, kneeling .. but doing it in the all-4s kneeling position is good because you are working directly against gravity.
Get into the all 4s position, then suck your belly button in as much as you can without your back moving. Hold for the number of seconds shown in the chart, release and repeat.
Exercise #2 opposite arm and leg raise
Your core muscles work in this one by keeping your back flat and keeping your whole body stable. If they aren’t engaged, your back will dip instead of being flat and you’ll wobble. The starting position is all-4 kneeling again. Make sure your back isn’t arching – use a mirror, video yourself or ask someone to check if you’re not sure.
Keeping your abdominal muscles pulled in, lift your right arm and left leg until they are parallel with the floor. Keep your back flat and your body steady. Hold for the number of seconds shown in the chart. Lower and repeat with your left arm and right leg.
Exercise #3 toe taps
In this exercise, the core muscles must hold on to the neutral position, while you lower one leg at a time to the floor.
Find neutral as described above, then take both feet off the floor and hold your legs as shown:
Holding on to the neutral pelvis position, lower one leg to the floor. It’s important not to let your pelvis move – the core muscles will have to work to hold on to neutral. Bring your leg back up to the starting position and repeat with the other leg.
Exercise #4 shoulder bridge
In this exercise the emphasis is on rolling through the spinal joints to get into the bridge position. It improves spinal mobility as well as core strength.
Start by lying on the floor with your knees bent and your feet about hip distance, with your pelvis in neutral. Now press your lower back into the floor, tilting your pelvis backwards.
Follow this movement through so that your lower back starts to peel off the floor. You should be aiming to come into the bridge position with a smooth, controlled, curling movement. Concentrate on working through one vertebra at a time. You will probably find this difficult at first as parts of your spine will be less flexible.
Stop when your whole spine is lifted and your weight is resting on your shoulders. Now reverse the movement, lowering back down one vertebra at a time. Again, it should be a smooth, controlled movement, working through each joint in the spine.
Exercise #5 single leg stretch
In this exercise, your core muscles need to work hard to keep your pelvis in neutral as your legs move in an out. It will only be effective at training your core if neutral pelvis is maintained.
Lie on the floor with your arms by your side, your legs about hip distance apart and your pelvis in neutral.
Bring both knees in towards your chest, then extend one leg as shown. Your core muscles should be working to hold onto neutral (ie stopping your back from arching).
Now bring your leg back in and extend the other one.
Exercise#6 Spine twists
This is another exercise that improves spine mobility, as well as working the core muscles.
Sit with your back straight and straighten your legs out in front. If the muscles at the back of your legs are tight, then you might not be able to straighten your legs while keeping a straight back, in this case, keep your knees slightly bent.
Raise your arms up to shoulder height, so that they are parallel with the floor.
Keeping your back straight and your arms lifted, engage your abdominal muscles and exhale as you rotate your upper body to the right.
Inhale and exhale as you come back to the centre and keep turning to repeat the movement to the left.
These are the reps you should do of the exercises for each week of the program:
Download a printable copy of the beginner core exercises chart and schedule
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